Antique Ohio Electric Car

Electrically operated automobiles are amongst the earliest vehicles, and are more energy efficient than all the conventional vehicles that use ICE (internal combustion engine) technology. Fortunately, for us the electric car doesn’t produce any exhaust fumes, and causes minimal or no pollution even if it charges from most renewable forms of energy. Besides this, these ‘green’ or ‘hybrid’ cars are capable of reducing our dependence on traditional fuels, while helping to mitigate global warming by providing relief from the greenhouse effect.

Electric cars are among the earliest automobiles, more so since electric vehicles predate petroleum and diesel cars. It’s believed that a Scottish businessman, Robert Anderson invented the first proto type electric coach somewhere around 1832-1839. However, it was the year 1835, that Professor Sibrandus Stratingh of Groningen, Netherlands, helped his assistant Christopher Becker design and build the first small electric car.

The antique Ohio electric car is a vintage car now. The Ohio Electric Car Company produced electric cars, which were mainly bought by rich customers during the late 1800s and early part of 1900s. Electric vehicles were also produced by Edison, Anthony, Bakers and others during the early 1900s and even out-sold the conventional vehicles for some time! But due to technological limitations, besides other factors, these vehicles were limited to a maximum speed of 32 km/hr.

However, in 1913, Cadillac introduced the electric starter car, the sales of electric cars experienced a down slide and soon antique Ohio electric cars became just that, antiques. Now, electric cars are more popular than they have ever been with the fear of global warming and the increasing cost of gas.

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Would You Like The New Self Car Driving System Option With Your New Hybrid Automobile?

The other day, I was talking to an individual who worked at the local Lexus dealership, and they sell a lot of cars out here because this is a rather high-end area, and Lexus is considered a luxury brand, and one of the favorites amongst the locals. I asked him how they were doing with hybrid cars. He said Lexus had quite a few hybrid cars, but not a lot of people knew about that. Usually when people think about hybrid cars they think about the Toyota Prius. Indeed, I understand what he meant, as a matter fact although I had heard that Lexus had some hybrid models, I couldn’t name them. Okay so, let’s talk about this for a moment shall we?

You see, I also asked him about the self parking system which Lexus has been promoting, and it is the cool thing to have. It’s where you park your car paralleling the car that will be in front of you when once you are parallel parked. Then you turn on the self parallel parking system, and the autopilot system puts the car in the exact spot you need. Its sensors know where the other cars are, and it parks itself. That’s pretty cool isn’t it? He told me that it was also available in the hybrid models, especially the upper end models that they sell at the local Lexus dealership here.

Since I live in a golfing retirement community many of the folks are older, and it is difficult to parallel park a car, and as you get older you just aren’t as good as you used to be at figuring it all out. Nonetheless, in this case it doesn’t matter because the car will do it for you. We also talked about some of the other features that were becoming available such as backup warning systems using sonar, and a system which would warns you if it was really foggy before you are about to hit something, or if a car ahead of you has stopped – it will let off the gas pedal, and warn you. That’s also pretty cool. Perhaps you’ve seen the Mercedes commercial advertising something like this also?

Still, I wonder how long it will be until my acquaintance who sells cars there will ask his customers; “would you like the new self driving car option with your new hybrid automobile?” And, I wonder how much that option will be? Right now Google is testing a fully autonomous car on the highways in Nevada. All this technology is coming into fruition, it exists, and you can expect it will be on the luxury models first and available to the public soon. Within five years, I suppose my salesman acquaintance will indeed have customers coming in and wanting that option. Please consider all this and think on it.

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What To Look For When Buying A Used Automobile

When you are about to buy a used car, you should carefully look at the car inside and out. The first thing to look at is the oil and other liquids in the engine. Look at the color of the oil. If the oil is pretty dark or black, that is a sign that it needs to be changed. Look at the valve covers to see if there is oil residue around the edges of the covers.

If so, it is time for new valve cover gaskets to be installed. Look at the radiator fluid to see if the antifreeze is good. If it is discolored, it will need to be changed along with flushing of the cooling system. If the odometer is mechanical, look at the far left odometer wheel and see if there are any scratch marks. If scratch marks are present, it is possible that the mileage may have been tampered with.

Make sure that the same wheel is centered. If it is not lined up with the rest of the odometer wheels, that can be another sign of tampering. Fingerprints on the dial can indicate tampering. Look at the tires and see what type of wear is shown. An indication of poor alignment is when the front tire wear is more on the left or right side of the tire tread.

The way to test the alignment while driving is to drive at 30 and 60 miles per hour. If the car pulls to the right or left, the alignment can be out. This is most important on the front wheels. Look at the transmission fluid to see if it is full. This is done while engine is running.

Put the car in reverse and all the other gears. Put back in park and check the transmission dipstick. Look at the color of the fluid. If the color is a light pink/red color, it is usually good. If the color of the fluid is a dark red, it should be replaced along with the filter.

Look for any rust under the car along the frame. Look for rust on the exhaust. Look for rust inside the car under the carpets to see if the car is a flood car. Checking under the seats is also a good place to check for rust. That is a big indicator of a flood car. Last thing is to get a vehicle history report.

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Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Public Transport

Imagine if a car robot automatically figures out directions for your travel using Google Maps. The next step is to imagine a next generation of transport without drivers. If sensors are built to automatically detect fellow people who cross the road or other cars that approach this car, then the automatic sensors can guide the automobiles in crowded junctions.

Where are we lacking in order to build a next generation of cars or automobiles with Artificial Intelligence?

For one thing safety of travel is of prime importance. The next thing is whether local governing bodies will provide licenses to technology developers to let such cars run on public roads.

The other debatable point is when such technology is commercially deployed will it ensure safety of travel to all the passengers. Will automobiles equipped with AI (Artificial Intelligence) be capable to avoid accidents, quick sand pits, meander via traffic so on and so forth? Also will research enlist all possible cases where precaution must be taken so that AI controlled automobiles do not cause harm to the public.

A positive point to the argument is that AI will improve people processes. Most of the traffic violations are done by people driving unpredictably or driving rash or driving when inebriated. Using AI systems and fixed guide paths for automobiles to navigate between places just as an AGV navigates in automated factories will make sure that the number of traffic violations that are done by people is reduced. For all you know using AI to drive automobiles may well improve our traffic conditions.

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GPS Personnel Tracker or Automobile Tracking Systems Help Families and Businesses

A GPS tracking device is a unit that utilizes the ‘Global Positioning System’ in order to track persons, vehicles, or any other assets. If you have a personnel tracker it is easy to monitor your employees on the job. However, although workplace surveillance has been permitted, there are limitations on how much an employer can track his employees.

Benefits of Vehicle Tracking Devices

Technology helps transportation companies monitor their vehicles, as well as their drivers; they can access data using automobile tracking systems. The device is beneficial because — it streamlines transportation companies, helps avoid accidents, and assists with saving money. It can help emergency services by keeping track of ambulances; this can be a crucial factor in helping to save lives. After tracking the exact spot of an emergency scene, authorities can send ambulances. Another great advantage of the device is you can download it to your PC if you wish to find out more information, at a later time. Often this will be required in the case of accidents. It can help the police force by ensuring safety of the personnel; the police can deploy available forces when required. It is helpful for restaurants that have delivery service, so they can monitor the exact location of the drivers. Public transportation companies are using this technology to provide commuters real-time information.

Shipment Tracking

A cargo ship track is possible with the help of a GPS tracking device. Providers of ocean freights are benefiting from this device. Reduced theft and better customer service are just a few of the advantages. The tracking system also can monitor valuable shipment. The devices have weather-proof containers and extended-life batteries. The gadgets can be installed inconspicuously on heavy equipment for the purpose of monitoring discreetly. It can reduce your claims on cargo insurance; in fact, there are some insurance companies that require these systems. Shipping companies can offer the tracking system service as a perk to their clients. Additionally, there will be fewer inquiries about arrival times or port delays. If you have a shipping business, the tracking technology can take care of a single vessel or a fleet of ships.

Personal GPS Tracker

A tracking device for personal use is a great tool especially for parents. A GPS child tracking system is a superb way to monitor your children. You can use the device along with a simple software application. It can be kept in your child’s backpack which will provide updates to your email or phone. You will know the exact location of your child. It also keeps a record of the places the person visited. Child locators can keep you at peace when you take them to a crowded place. If your teen drives, you can monitor his whereabouts as the device also works as a vehicle monitoring system.

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The Factors That Affect Your Pennsylvania Auto Insurance Rates

What factors affect the cost of your Pennsylvania auto insurance rates? It is important to understand these factors in order to find cheap Pennsylvania auto insurance rates because after all; who want to pay more for their PA car insurance policy than they have to?

The state of Pennsylvania like many others has their own requirements when it comes to automobile insurance. The state that has approximately 12 million people is home to many big cities such as Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. Rates change accordingly to where people live and what they drive. It is important to understand that rates are not the same for everyone and that there are many different things that you can do to lower your rates. Below you will find out some valuable information about automobile insurance rates in Pennsylvania and some key information about how rates are calculated.

Pennsylvania Auto Insurance Rates Of The Past

Although there is not exact figure of the average rate of car insurance premium that the everyday Pennsylvania resident pays nowadays, there are statistics that show how much they had paid in the past. In the year 2003 the average Pennsylvania premium was about $909 compared to the national average of about $914. It is important to understand that the premiums have been on the rise since then simply because automobiles have been converted to a necessity instead of a luxury. It is also known that the first drop of automobile insurance rates came in 2007 when most premiums dropped from 0.5 to 1% and in 2008 and beyond experts predict that the rates will go up again!

Determinants Of Automobile Insurance Rates In Pennsylvania

The PA automobile insurance industry like many others has determinants on how their rates are calculated. It is important to understand these important factors because the more you know about what determines your rate, the more money you may be able to save.

1. Place of Residence: One of the most important determinants of your PA car insurance rates is your place of residence. If you live in a rural community you will not pay that much in car insurance simply because the likelihood of an accident is not that great. On the other hand if you live in a big city like the ones mentioned above, you will have to pay more per month. Add to the many traffic jams and the number of accidents and the risk of your vehicle being stolen and the premium will increase to a great degree.

2. Your Age and Gender: This is one of the most important determinants of the rates in Pennsylvania automobile insurance industry. The rates in the auto insurance business are high when you are a teenager and you are starting to drive, are lower when you are a middle aged American (usually from 26-50) and then they get high again when you become a senior citizen. A reason for this is that teens and senior citizens tend to have a higher accident risk than do middle aged people. Your gender will also be a determinant because although there is a common widespread idea that women drive worse than men, it is men who get in more accidents than women because they tend to drive more aggressively. Because of this men’s rates are usually higher than those of women.

3. Vehicle Type and Year: This is very important because it is the most used determinant when it comes to insurance companies coming forth with a rate. Every year insurance companies get a top 100 countdown of the cars with the most injuries after an accident and the ones that are at the highest risk of being stolen. Those cars at the top of both categories will be the ones that will be expensive to insure because they are of more “risk” to the insurance company. Another thing important to highlight and that may be bad for those drivers that own sports cars is that insurance companies usually charge those drivers a lot more for car insurance. The reason for this is that in the automobile insurance business speed is associated with accidents and although some may argue that it is not fair to discriminate against sports car owners, the auto insurance industry does just that.

4. Credit Report: Many people don’t understand why this has anything to do with the rate of your automobile insurance. The truth is that for any insurance in the market nowadays, credit report is very important. If you have a good credit report you will have to pay less money than someone who doesn’t have good credit. This is simply because auto insurance companies are protecting themselves from those drivers that cannot pay regular monthly premiums.

Pennsylvania Automobiles With The Highest Car Insurance Rates

Most Expensive for Theft:

1. Four-Wheel drive Cadillac Escalade

2. Chevy Corvette Convertible

3. Four-Wheel drive Lincoln Navigator

4. Four door Jeep Cherokee

5. BMW Series 3 Convertible

Most Expensive for Injury:

1. Four Door Suzuki Esteem

2. Four Door Kia Rio

3. Two Door Mitsubishi Mirage

4. Four Door Kia Spectra

Most Expensive for Collision:

1. Four-Wheel Drive Subaru Impreza

2. Four Door Lexus IS 300

3. Two Door Hyundai Tiburon

4. Two Door Porsche 911

5. Acura RSX

Pennsylvania Auto Automobiles With The Lowest Car Insurance Rates

Least Expensive for Theft:

1. Buick LeSabre

2. Buick Park Avenue

3. Volvo 720 Station Wagon

4. Four-Door Mercury Grand Marquis

Least Expensive for Injury:

1. Two-wheel drive GMC Sierra 2500

2. Chevy Silverado 2500

3. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Yukon

4. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Sierra 2500

5. Two-Wheel Drive Chevy Tahoe

Least Expensive for Collision:

1. Two-Wheel Drive Ford Excursion

2. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Safari

3. GMC Sierra 2500

4. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Yukon

Go Find The Cheapest PA Car Insurance Rates!

If you paid attention through the entire article you may have seen that rates do not only depend on one thing, but they are many factors that work together to determine your PA car insurance rates. If somehow you fit under the categories of factors that will allow you to have a lower rate then congratulations! If on the other hand you live in a big city, drive a sports car, and your vehicle is at the top of the lost of most stolen vehicles then don’t panic; you can still find a well priced policy. Just make sure that you look around and do you homework because the more you search the better your rate will turn out to be!

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Automobile Sector – The Indian Scenario!

Introduction:

During early 60s & 70s, automobiles came largely in twos.

In scooters, you had a Lambretta or a Vespa.

In motorcycles, you had a Bullet or a Java.

In cars, you had to choose between an Ambassador and a Fiat.

In trucks, it was either an Ashok Leyland or a Tata.

In tractors, it was between a Swaraj and a Mahindra.

This situation reflected the India of yester years. Economic reforms and deregulation have transformed that scene. Automobile industry has written a new inspirational tale. It is a tale of exciting multiplicity, unparalleled growth and amusing consumer experience – all within a few years. India has already become one of the fastest growing automobile markets in the world. This is a tribute to leaders and managers in the industry and, equally to policy planners. The automobile industry has the opportunity to go beyond this remarkable achievement. It is standing on the doorsteps of a quantum leap.

The Indian automobile industry is going through a technological change where each firm is engaged in changing its processes and technologies to maintain the competitive advantage and provide customers with the optimized products and services. Starting from the two wheelers, trucks, and tractors to the multi utility vehicles, commercial vehicles and the luxury vehicles, the Indian automobile industry has achieved splendid achievement in the recent years.

“The opportunity is staring in your face. It comes only once. If you miss it, you will not get it again”

On the canvas of the Indian economy, auto industry maintains a high-flying place. Due to its deep frontward and rearward linkages with several key segments of the economy, automobile industry has a strong multiplier effect and is capable of being the driver of economic growth. A sound transportation system plays an essential role in the country’s rapid economic and industrial development. The well-developed Indian automotive industry skillfully fulfils this catalytic role by producing a wide variety of vehicles: passenger cars, light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles, multi-utility vehicles such as jeeps, scooters, motorcycles, mopeds, three wheelers, tractors etc.

The automotive sector is one of the core industries of the Indian economy, whose prospect is reflective of the economic resilience of the country. Continuous economic liberalization over the years by the government of India has resulted in making India as one of the prime business destination for many global automotive players. The automotive sector in India is growing at around 18 per cent per annum.

“The auto industry is just a multiplier, a driver for employment, for investment, for technology”

The Indian automotive industry started its new journey from 1991 with delicensing of the sector and subsequent opening up for 100 per cent FDI through automatic route. Since then almost all the global majors have set up their facilities in India taking the production of vehicle from 2 million in 1991 to 9.7 million in 2006 (nearly 7 per cent of global automobiles production and 2.4 per cent of four wheeler production).

The cumulative annual growth rate of production of the automotive industry from the year 2000-2001 to 2005-2006 was 17 per cent. The cumulative annual growth rate of exports during the period 2000-01 to 2005-06 was 32.92 per cent. The production of the automotive industry is expected to achieve a growth rate of over 20 per cent in 2006-07 and about 15 per cent in 2007-08. The export during the same period is expected to grow over 20 per cent.

The automobile sector has been contributing its share to the shining economic performance of India in the recent years. With the Indian middle class earning higher per capita income, more people are ready to own private vehicles including cars and two-wheelers. Product movements and manned services have boosted in the sales of medium and sized commercial vehicles for passenger and goods transport.

Side by side with fresh vehicle sales growth, the automotive components sector has witnessed big growth. The domestic auto components consumption has crossed rupees 9000 crore and an export of one half size of this figure.

Eye-Catching FDI Destination – INDIA!

India is on the peak of the Foreign Direct Investment wave. FDI flows into India trebled from $6 billion in 2004-05 to $19 billion in 2006-07 and are expected to quadruple to $25 billion in 2007-08. By AT Kearney’s FDI Confidence Index 2006, India is the second most attractive FDI destination after China, pushing the US to the third position. It is commonly believed that soon India will catch up with China. This may also happen as China attempts to cool the economy and its protectionism measures that are eclipsing the Middle Kingdom’s attractiveness. With rising wages and high land prices in the eastern regions, China may be losing its edge as a low-cost manufacturing hub. India seems to be the natural choice.

India is up-and-coming a significant manufacturer, especially of electrical and electronic equipment, automobiles and auto-parts. During 2000-2005 of the total FDI inflow, electrical and electronic (including computer software) and automobile accounted for 13.7 per cent and 8.4 per cent respectively.

In services sectors, the lead players are the US, Singapore and the UK. During 2000-2005, the total investment from these three countries accounted for about 40 per cent of the FDI in the services sector. In automobiles, the key player is Japan. During 2000-2005, Japan accounted for about 41 per cent of the total FDI in automobile, surpassing all its competitors by a big margin.

India’s vast domestic market and the large pool of technically skilled manpower were the magnetism for the foreign investors. Hitherto, known for knowledge-based industries, India is emerging a powerhouse of conventional manufacturing too. The manufacturing sector in the Index for Industrial Production has grown at an annual rate of over 9 per cent over the last three years.

Korean auto-makers think India is a better destination than China. Though China provides a bigger market for automobiles, India offers a potential for higher growth. Clearly, manufacturing and service-led growth and the increasing consumerisation makes India one of the most important destinations for FDI.

Automotive Mission Plan 2016

The bumper-to-bumper traffic of global automobile biggies on the passage to India has finally made government sit up and take notice. In a bid to drive greater investments into the sector, ministry of heavy industries has decided to put together a 10-year mission plan to make India a global hub for automotive industry.

“The ten year mission plan will also set the roadmap for budgetary fiscal incentives”

The Government of India is drawing up an Automotive Mission Plan 2016 that aims to make India a global automotive hub. The idea is to draw an innovative plan of action with full participation of the stakeholders and to implement it in mission mode to meet the challenges coming in the way of growth of industry. Through this Automotive Mission Plan, Government also wants to provide a level playing field to the players in the sector and to lay a predictable future direction of growth to enable the manufacturers in making a more informed investment decision.

Major players in the automobile sector are:

o Tata

o Mahindra

o Ashok Leyland

o Bajaj

o Hero Honda

o Daimler Chrysler

o Suzuki

o Ford

o Fiat

o Hyundai

o General Motors

o Volvo

o Yamaha

o Mazda

Foreign Companies in the Indian auto-sector

Until the mid-1990s, automobile industry in India consisted of just a handful of local companies with small capacities and obsolete technologies. Nevertheless, after the sector was thrown open to foreign direct investment in 1996, some of the global majors moved in and, by 2002, Hyundai, Honda, Toyota, General Motors, Ford and Mitsubishi set up their manufacturing bases.

Over the past four to five years, the country has seen the launch of several domestic and foreign models of passenger cars, multi-utility vehicles (MUVs), commercial vehicles and two-wheelers and a robust growth in the production of all kinds of vehicles. Moreover, owing to its low-cost, high-quality manufacturing, India has also emerged as a significant outsourcing hub for auto components and auto engineering design, rivaling Thailand. German auto-maker Volkswagen AG, too, is looking to enter India.

India is expected to be the small car hub for Japanese major Toyota. The car, a hot hatch like the Swift or Getz is likely to be exported to markets like Brazil and other Asian countries. This global car is crucial for Toyota, which is looking to improve its sales in the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China) markets.

Two multi-national car majors — Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan and Hyundai Motor Company of Korea — have indicated that their manufacturing facilities will be used as a global source for small cars. The spurt in in-house product development skills and the uniquely high concentration of small cars will influence the country’s ability to become a sourcing hub for sub-compact cars.

A heartening feature of the changing automobile scene in India over the past five years is the newfound success and confidence of domestic manufacturers. They are no longer afraid of competition from the international auto majors.

For instance, today, Tata Motor’s Indigo leads the popular customer category, while its Indica is neck-to-neck with Hyundai’s Santro in the race for the top-slot in the B category. Meanwhile M&M’s Scorpio has beaten back the challenge from Toyota’s Qualis to lead the SUV segment.

Similarly, a few Indian winners have emerged in the motorbike market — the 150 and 180 cc Pulsar from Bajaj and 110 cc Victor from the TVS stable. The 93 cc Bike from Bajaj and 110 cc Freedom bike from LML have also emerged as winners.

Evidently, Indian players have learnt from past mistakes and developed the skills to build cheaper automobiles using `appropriate’ technologies. TVS, for instance, paid an overseas source $100,000 to fine-tune home-grown engines rather than $1.5 million to import the entire engine. Similarly, M&M adapted available systems and off-the-shelf components from global suppliers to keep costs down and go for aggressive pricing. True, Indian players are still lacking in scale of operation. While economies of scale no doubt play an important role in the auto sector, a few Indian manufacturers relied on innovation rather than scale of operation for competitive advantage. For instance, Sundram Fasteners was able to achieve the feat of directly supplying radiator caps to General Motors purely on the strength of innovation in product quality. The domestic tooling industry bagged the order for the Toyota Kirloskar transmission plant in the face of stiff competition from multinational corporations. The cost of the entire job turned out to be only a fraction of the original estimate.

As the automobile industry has matured over the past decade, the auto components industry has also grown at a rapid pace and is fast achieving global competitiveness both in terms of cost and quality.

In fact, industry observers believe that while the automobile market will grow at a measured pace, the components industry is poised for a take-off. For it is among the handful of industries where India has a distinct competitive advantage. International automobile majors, such as Hyundai, Ford, Toyota and GM, which set up their bases in India in the 1990s, persuaded some of their overseas component suppliers to set up manufacturing facilities in India.

Consequently, the value of cumulative output of the auto components industry rose rapidly to Rs 30,640 crore at end-2003-04 from just Rs 11,475 crore in 1996-97. Foreign companies such as Delphi, which followed General Motors in 1995, and Visteon, that followed Ford Motors in 1998, soon realised the substantial cost advantage of manufacturing components in India.

Finding the cost lower by about 30 per cent, they began exploring the possibility of exporting back these low-cost, high-quality components to their global factories and, thus, reducing their overall costs. Not surprisingly, the industry’s exports registered a more than four-fold jump to Rs 4,800 crore in 2003-04 from just Rs 1,033 crore in 1996-97.

Automobile majors such as Maruti Udyog, Toyota, Hyundai have now finalised their plans to invest in some of the critical auto components. According to the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA) officials, auto component manufacturers are expected to invest about Rs 10,000 crore over the next five years at the rate of Rs 2,000 crore per annum.

According to analysts, the auto component industry could emerge as the next success story after software, pharmaceuticals, BPO and textiles. The size of the global auto component industry is estimated at $1 trillion and is set to grow further. Against this backdrop, McKinsey’s latest report has estimated that the sector has the potential of increasing its exports to $25 billion by 2015 from $1.1 billion in 2004.

Threat to the Dream!

India’s expedition to become a global auto manufacturing hub could be seriously challenged by its inability to uphold its low-cost production base. A survey conducted by the research, KMPMG firm reveals that the Indian auto component manufacturers are increasingly becoming skeptical about sustaining the low-cost base as overheads including labour costs and complex tax regime are constantly rising.

The survey said many executives believe that India’s cost advantage is grinding down fast as labour costs are constantly increasing and retaining employees is becoming more and more difficult. Increased presence of global automotive companies in the country was cited as one of the reasons for the high erosion rate.

Indian auto businesses will only flourish if they boost investments in automation. In the longer term, cost advantage will only be retained if Indian capital can be used to develop low-cost automation in manufacturing. This is the way to preserve our low cost.

Global auto majors are also cynical about India’s low cost manufacturing base. India taxation remains a big disadvantage. This is not about tax rates it is just about unnecessary complexity. But some companies also believe there is scope for reducing the cost of doing business.

In spite of this there are opportunities to exploit lower costs right across the board. It’s true that labour costs are definitely increasing but they are still five per cent of the total operational costs. The labour costs can be further reduced if companies are successful in bringing down other costs like reducing power costs. Low-cost base can never last long. The company said Indian industry has till now relied on very labour intensive model but it would have to switch to a more capital intensive model now.

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Importance of Performance Parts in an Automobile

Everyone loves cars and bikes. When we speak about automobiles, we often indulge in a talk discussing power and performance of a vehicle. Many individuals love their cars. They often try to find ways to increase the performance of the car or a bike. The performance of a vehicle is increased by replacing the regular parts with “performance parts”. The selection of a performance part depends on the need of the user. One wishes to increase the power while other may wish to increase the mileage. Every need has performance part and is developed to deliver the same. It is necessary to select the best part for the vehicle.

There are important factors that one should consider while they look out for such parts in the market. The process of selecting a performance part is tedious as there are many companies in the market. Buying an expensive part does not really mean that one has the best solution available to increase the performance of the vehicle. It is necessary to take into account the model and year of manufacturing of the car to select the best parts for improvement in performance. There are people who indulge in extreme actions to fulfill the need to replace a regular part with a performance part.

The addition of such parts increases the value of the vehicle. Customization has good demand in the market. A vehicle that has been customized with high performing parts installed in it sells for a good price. Such vehicles are often displayed at motor shows. People love cars that are highly performing. The inclusion of the parts increases and modifies the engine. There is an increase in power development, the balance of the vehicle, improvement to exhaust system and braking system. Every user has a set of specifications and work through it by installing the right part.

Performance parts are also used by regular drivers and individuals who love to modify their vehicle. This improves the working condition of the vehicle. When there is an increase in the performance of the vehicle, there is an equal increase of life span. Reputed and high quality parts from leading manufacture are expensive. Though most people do not have the luxury to afford such expensive parts, they can still improve the performance by choosing locally manufactured parts. They have the same functionality as that of a branded part. Searching for such parts is a good practice to reduce the overall expenditure.

There are a number of parts available that improve the performance of the vehicle. Searching over the Internet will give complete details about these parts. Replacing the parts in the correct way is essential. Looking for a reputed mechanic is also essential. The mechanic should possess experience in handling different vehicle and replacing the parts properly. It is also important to take advice before changing a part in the vehicle. Minor changes can improve power development, safety features and comfort of a vehicle. Choose the best and affordable parts that are high quality for improvement in overall performance of the vehicle.

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The Crossover Vehicle and Three Other Cars of the New Millennium

The new millennium has seen a revival in the popularity of several older types of cars, as well as innovation in new directions. Read about a few of the models that have helped to shape consumer tastes since 2000.

The Crossover Vehicle

Also called a crossover utility vehicle (or CUV), the crossover vehicle includes many of the features associated with an SUV or hatchback. Such features might include the rear door and shared passenger/baggage space. Unlike an SUV, however, a crossover vehicle has a unibody construction instead of being built on top of a frame. While a few cars that meet the CUV specifications have been around for decades, the term was actually invented by marketers in 2008. The coinage of the new term corresponds to a large uptick in the production of these in-between automobiles, a compromise between SUVs, station wagons, and sedans.

The Hybrid Car

Despite an increased awareness of global warming, the driving force behind the growing popularity of hybrids is gas prices. Sporty sedans were first produced by only a couple of manufacturers, but now every major brand seems to push its own gas-efficient electric machine. While electrical outlets for charging cars are not yet commonplace, hybrids have the major advantage of being able to also use gasoline. This makes the vehicle more conducive to road trips, and it also paved the way for hybrids to find their way into the hearts and driveways of average Americans.

The Mini

Produced in Great Britain, the Mini has been around since the 1960s. In 2000, the classic car began being produced by a subsidiary company. While the original manufacturer maintains control to this day, the offshoot represented an adjustment in the image. A convertible version and five-door crossover vehicle were also introduced. The Mini also skyrocketed in popularity with the 2003 release of the remake of The Italian Job. Seeing Minis powering down stairways and dominating cityscapes made Americans appreciate these spunky automobiles.

The HMMWV

The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) was vital for America’s military presence in the War on Terror. As the American demand for these giant automobiles became apparent, the manufacturer began to produce everyday versions. These versions used a different acronym, and three different models (“1,” “2,” and “3”) were produced before the economic downturn caused consumers to question the brand. Without a hybrid option, gas mileage made this vehicle an expensive choice.

Ultimately, these brands and models represent a diverse range of consumer interests. One could argue that the new millennium has seen a polarization in car buyers as well as politics. From tail fins to scissor doors, manufacturers and consumers want to stand out from the rest.

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National Car Auctions – Finding the Right Car at a National Auction

Joining national car auctions is a great opportunity to find a great vehicle at an unbelievably affordable price. Every year different local and state governments and law enforcement agencies regularly auction off used cars. These automobiles are seized or impounded vehicles from the various departments. They are then accumulated and sold off at public auto auctions. The primary reason behind this is not to gain money for the government but to recover expenses they incurred for towing and storage of the vehicles while under their custody. This is also the reason why they can sell these used cars at these vehicle auctions for a bargain.

Whose Car Am I Buying?

When you participate in national car auctions, the used automobiles that are up for grabs can come from anywhere. However, the vehicles for a government auto auction are vehicles seized from criminals. These vehicles are usually seized by the government and sold off at auto auctions. If you are lucky, many dealerships who might be involved in criminal activity have brand new automobiles seized and they almost always end up in these car auctions. Apart from law violators, the used cars could come from government organizations that retire their vehicles. This would include police cars and other government service vehicles.

Most of these used cars have racked up on mileage. However, they are usually well maintained. There are also seized vehicles coming from banks and lending companies. These were confiscated when a debtor fails to pay back their loans. To recover from their losses, the banks and lending companies sell these vehicles at car auctions.

All of the vehicles sold at national car auctions are different. They have different models and make. It is necessary for you to do your research and check the used cars thoroughly before placing your bid. Determine what type of automobile you are looking for before heading out to the auction field.

Once you have found a car that you want, make sure to check it thoroughly. It would be helpful if you could check the Vehicle Identification number or VIN and mileage. This will help you get a rough idea of the car that you want to get. It is also imperative that you understand how the car auction process works like what type of details they would require in case you won a bid. The Internet is a great place find answers about car auctions, you just need to spend some effort looking for it.

National car auctions have become an affordable way for many people to find the car of their dreams.

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